Foreign partitions, wars, uprisings … Warsaw has a difficult history behind it. To this day, you will find hundreds of places and monuments commemorating the city’s struggle for freedom and independence. Visit the interactive Warsaw Rising Museum and learn about places associated with the heroes of recent centuries.
Warsaw Rising Museum
This innovative museum commemorates the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 and is located in a former tram power plant. Listen to the stories of the heroic insurgents, look at the replica of the Liberator bomber and watch the animation ‘City of Ruins’.
ul. Grzybowska 79
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
This symbolic grave-memorial honours the unnamed heroes who died in the battles for Poland’s freedom. The arcades under which the tomb is placed are a fragment of the colonnade – the only part of the Saxon Palace that survived World War II. At the grave, an eternal flame burns, and soldiers perform an honour guard.
You will find many places in and around the Old Town commemorating the heroic struggle of Warsaw during World War II. On Krasiński Square, see the Warsaw Uprising Monument and the exit from the sewers where the insurgents escaped from German forces. Near the barbican, stop at the Monument of the Little Insurgent.
Polish Army Museum
In the museum, you can learn about the history of the Polish Army from its beginnings up to the end of World War II and see a rich collection of weapons and uniforms. Pay attention to the gothic reliquary captured at the Battle of Grunwald in 1410. The open-air exhibition features planes, tanks and other combat vehicles.
Al. Jerozolimskie 3
Mausoleum of Struggle and Martyrdom
During the Nazi occupation, this was an interrogation centre where Poles were tortured and murdered. Now, you can see cells and corridors, the walls of which are covered with thousands of initials, inscriptions, prayers and reflections on death engraved by prisoners.
al. Szucha 25
Pawiak Prison Museum
Pawiak was an interrogation prison, which functioned on Pawia Street – hence its name. In the museum, you will learn about the prison and the fate of its prisoners during the tsarist period, after the World War I and during the German occupation. During World War II, about 37,000 prisoners were shot there, and about 60,000 were sent from there to concentration camps and to forced labour.
ul. Dzielna 24/26
This impressive 19th-century fortress is one of the best-preserved fortifications in Poland. The side includes barracks and the 10th Pavilion of the Citadel, which was a central prison for political prisoners. Several hundred of them were executed, and thousands were sent to Siberia for hard labour. The citadel houses the Museum of the 10th Pavilion of the Warsaw Citadel and the Katyn Museum, commemorating the Katyn massacre of Polish officers in 1940.
ul. Skazańców 25